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Structure for sport

Different sporting organisations operate under different governance structures. While not requiring the adoption of any single model, the ASC will consider closely whether sports’ governance models are likely to enable them to achieve their core participation and high performance objectives in the most cost effective fashion.

Each structure should be clearly documented with a clear delineation of the roles, responsibilities and powers of the Board, management and each body involved. Further, there should be no overlap in the powers of any two bodies or individuals in a governance structure.

1.1 A single national entity for all forms of the sport — from juniors through to high performance — with horizontal integration of sport disciplines.

Each element of a sport needs to be incorporated into governance arrangements on the same basis. Only a sport fully integrated in this fashion can plan strategically for the benefit of the whole sport and operate with optimal efficiency.

Effective integration is critical to achieve the scale and whole-of-sport management that will enable a sport to grow and compete in the marketplace.

1.2 Where sports have federated structure, all parts of the federation must demonstrate they are working in cohesion and adhere to a strategic direction set by the national entity to maximise the interests of the sport.

It is essential that NSOs and their member bodies have aligned objectives and purpose to ensure achievement of sport outcomes. The sport should have a single participation and high performance strategic plan that drives the overarching objectives, which are delivered consistently and effectively by the member bodies.

The sport’s strategic plan will form the basis of all local implementation outcomes and be developed with input and agreement from all stakeholders.

1.3 The national body should be established as a company limited by guarantee.

The Corporations Act provides for a very robust and structured platform for the operation of organisations and provides clarity in areas silent within the Association Incorporation Act (particularly in the context of internal management and corporate governance). In addition, changes to the Corporations Act in 2010 have created a system of tiers based on revenue. For NSOs that fall within the lower tiers, the reporting requirements have been made less onerous.

For the above reasons, NSOs should be companies limited by guarantee.

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Did you know?

Gold Coast 2018 is the 5th Commonwealth Games to be hosted by Australia.

Quick numbers

11.6 million Australian adults participate in sport or physical activity three or more times per week.
3.2 million Australian children participate in organised sport or physical activity outside of school.
$10 billion is spent annually by Australians on fees for participation in sport or physical activity.
17 million Australian adults participate in a sport or physical activity every year.